|Institute of Archaeology||[Slovenian]|
DIVJE BABE I. Upper Pleistocene Palaeolithic site in Slovenia
11. Remains of large mammals from Divje babe I - Stratigraphy, taxonomy and biometry
In the Upper Pleistocene (OIS 3 and OIS 5) layers of the Palaeolithic cave site Divje babe I, in addition to finds of cave bear, a further 995 remains of large mammals from at least 20 different species were found: Lepus timidus seu europaeus, Marmota marmota, Ursus arctos, Canis lupus, Vulpes vulpes, Alopex lagopus, Mustela putorius, Martes martes, Lutra lutra, Felis silvestris, Lynx lynx, Panthera pardus, Panthera spelaea, Sus scrofa, Cervus elaphus, Alces alces, Capreolus capreolus, Rupicapra rupicapra, Capra ibex in Mammuthus primigenius seu Dicerorhinus seu Coleodonta. The number and place of appearance of cutmarks, carnivore tooth marks and hammerstone percussion marks on the long bones of ungulates show that both Palaeolithic man and carnivores contributed to the accumulation of the taphocenosis in the cave. It appears that man typically had first access to carcasses of large herbivores (red deer, chamois, ibex, roe deer), while carnivore access was largely restricted to scavenging of hominid-butchered fare, specifically grease from hammerstone-generated (near-) epiphyseal fragments. It is very unlikely that people would be more successful than wolf, bear, cave lion, leopard and lynx in seeking carrion, so the bulk of the bones of ungulates in Divje babe I presumably represent the remains of human prey.
2007, (Opera Instituti Archaeologici Sloveniae, 13), 480pp, 10 colour photoogaphs, 178 b-w drawings, photoogaphs and maps, 89 tabels and 38 annexes; 20 x 29 cm, hardcover, ISBN 978-961-254-019-7.