Historic Landscape Characterisation: Kobarid, Staro Selo, Drenica, Ladra.
DESCRIPTION OF THE CATEGORIES
Map 1: Historical Landscape Characterisation
© Benjamin Štular
Institute of Archaeology, Scientific Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts
- Industrial: industrial area
- Semi-urban: area of a rural settlement
- Ornamental, Religious: areas used for religious purposes (churces, religious monuments) or ornamental areas including non-religious monuments (categories have been joined due to the paucity
- Recreational: recreational areas (sport fields etc.)
- Field anew: Newly created fields, either in newly adopted areas or with new technologies/crops (vineyards outside historic areas).
- Fields regular: Fields comprised of the best land with rectangular (large and medium cluster) field boundaries; on rugged terrain small clusters with irregular borders may appear. None (or little - can be indicative of 'later' colonisation of less favourable areas) pastures among fields, excellent integration in path/road network as well as field place-names (the place-names including word 'polje') are indicative. Very often these fields are directly adjacent to the settlement. Cluster of fields may have irregular borders as well, particularly small clusters. Mapped and described (best land) as such on Franciscan cadastre, most likely still in use, hence a high survival rate of historical boundaries is typical.
Interpretation: fields (probably) used in the same form since the establishment of the adjacent settlement.
- Field and/or Pasture -Historic: Mixed field and pasture use with preserved historical land division preserved. Historically these areas have been used exclusively or predominantly as fields, i.e. on historic fields.
Interpretation: historical fields in process of abandonment in favour of pastures.
Download Map 1 (zip) or open Map 1 (pdf).
Pastures and Meadows1
- Pasture - historic: Pastures with historic use and clearly visible historic land division.
- Pasture, Field - Historic Division: Mixed pastures and field land-use with visible historic land division on historic pastures.
Areas are mostly located in flat areas not directly adjacent to the settlement. Due to changed preferences (proximity to settlement no longer important due to the use of machinery, large unenclosed flat areas preferred to enclosed and/or areas on slopes).
- Pastures - Historical Division: Used predominantly as pastures, some fields may occur. Historical land division is still clearly visible (hedges, stone fences). Historicaly used as fields / pastures.
- Pasture - Wood clearance: Pastures made by clearance of historic wood.
- Pastures - unified: Used as pastures; modern land-use has destroyed signs of historical (pre-1820s) land division (i.e. unification of land-parcels) and/or is showing a post 1820s land division.
- Pastures - Modern Division: Modern pastures on areas of historic pastures but with modern (post-1820s) land division.
- Terrace - pasture: Semi-abandoned terraced fields that are only used as meadows and / or pastures.
- Wood - ancient: Areas wooded since the earliest available evidence, at least since 1820s.
- Wood - historic: Areas that show re-forestation before the earliest available evidence, at least before 1820s.
- Wood reforestation: Areas that show re-forestation since the earliest available evidence, at least since 1820s.
- Wood - becoming: Areas that are in the process of reforestation, most often due to the neglecting of historic pastures.
Wasteland: Areas with no or scarce vegetation and without any economic value, such as high mountains.
Water: : bodies of water.
1 HLC methodology doesn't allow to distinguish between the meadows and pastures throughout the entire history of known use, especially since combined use was common in the past. Therefore, we use the term pasture in the sense Pasture and / or Meadow
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